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Basic Market Research in FMCG Marketing

In broad terms marketing can be divided into two key challenges: The first – and most widely appreciated – is to ensure that consumers or end users want a firm’s product. This generally termed pull marketing. The second challenge is less broadly recognised, but often just as important. Push marketing ensures that consumers are given […]

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The Phase-Gate Model for Product Development

A phase–gate model, also referred to as a phase–gate process or a stage-gate process is a project management technique in which an initiative or project (e.g., new product development, process improvement, business change) is divided into stages or phases, separated by gates. At each gate, the continuation of the process is decided by (typically) a […]

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The Growth Phases Model

The growth phases model of Larry E. Greiner suggests that organizations go through five stages of growth and need appropriate strategies and structures to cope. It is a descriptive framework that can be used to understand why certain management styles, organizational structures and coordination mechanisms work, and why some don’t work at certain phases in […]

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Strategies in the Luxury Goods Market

The luxury goods market pursues a strategy of differentiation. Through high quality products and exclusivity, this market targets high-end consumers who are willing to pay extra to own a product. Being able to price significantly over cost requires skilful marketing and branding, a high level of service and, in most cases, careful control of distribution […]